Machu Picchu (Quechua: Machu Piqchu – Old Peak) is a pre-Columbian city created by the Inca. The Incas built the estate around 1450, but abandoned it as an official site for the Inca rulers a century later at the time of the Spanish Conquest.
“The Lost City of the Incas” is one of the most popular symbol of the Incan Empire. It is located 2,430 metres (7,970 ft) high in the Andes mountains, on a mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley, in the Cusco region.
Forgotten for centuries by the outside world, although not by locals, it was brought back to international attention by archaeologist Hiram Bingham who rediscovered it in 1911.
Machu Picchu was declared a Peruvian Historical Sanctuary in 1981, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983, and voted one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in a worldwide Internet poll in 2007.
Machu Picchu, 80 km (50 mi) northwest of Cusco, Peru